The Chilean Hawk, also known as the Variable Hawk, is found in the southern portion of South America, specifically in Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands. Their habitat includes open grasslands, woodlands, and forests, but they can also be seen in towns and cities close to their natural habitats.
These hawks are one of the most diverse in their appearance, as their plumage can range from dark grey to white, with different variations of stripes, spots, and patterns. This is why they are known as the "Variable Hawk." They have a wingspan of up to 4 feet and can weigh up to 4.5 pounds.
The Chilean Hawk is a carnivore and their diet consists mainly of small mammals, birds, and reptiles. They use their sharp talons to catch their prey while in flight or on the ground. They are also known to hunt cooperatively with other birds when the opportunity arises.
During mating season, these birds form monogamous pairs and build nests in trees, cliffs, or rocks, where they lay 2-3 eggs that hatch after around 35 days of incubation. Once the chicks are born, both parents participate in feeding them until they are ready to fly after 6-7 weeks.
The Chilean Hawk is not considered a threatened species, but they face some threats due to habitat loss and being used for hunting and sport. However, they are protected under the Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.
These birds are not commonly seen by humans, but birdwatchers often seek them out. Their unique appearance and hunting behavior make them a fascinating species to observe in their natural habitat.