The Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) is a small bird of prey that is native to Europe and Asia. These birds can be identified by their relatively short wings and a long tail, and they are known for their agility and speed in flight. Sparrowhawks are known to be skilled hunters that can catch a wide range of prey including small birds, lizards, and insects.
Eurasian Sparrowhawks are typically found in woodland habitats, although they can also be found in suburban areas and parks. They are often seen darting through the trees in pursuit of prey, with a characteristic flapping and gliding pattern that allows them to catch birds and small mammals.
The female Eurasian Sparrowhawk tends to be larger than the male and has a more powerful build. The birds' plumage also differs between the sexes, with the female having a brownish-grey back and wings, while the male has a blue-grey back and wings. Both sexes have distinctive barred patterns on their underparts and a yellow eye in adults.
Unlike some other birds of prey, the Eurasian Sparrowhawk is not migratory and stays in its range throughout the year. They are known to be quite aggressive during the breeding season, with male sparrows performing aerial displays in an effort to attract females. Breeding typically takes place in the springtime, with the female laying a clutch of 3-6 eggs and incubating them for around 30 days before they hatch.
Due to its relatively small size and habit of hunting in suburban areas, the Eurasian Sparrowhawk is often seen as a pest by some people. However, these birds play a crucial role in controlling the population of small rodents and birds in their habitat. Conservation efforts are underway to protect the Eurasian Sparrowhawk, and they are listed as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List.