The Rufous-necked Hornbill is a stunning bird belonging to the hornbill family. It is distinguished by its rufous neck and white and black wings with a reddish-orange beak. This bird is native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, commonly found in the dense forests of Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The Rufous-necked Hornbill is a relatively large bird, measuring up to 100 cm in length with a wingspan of 150 cm. Its weight can range from 1.3 to 4 kg. This bird has an omnivorous diet, consisting of fruits, insects, small mammals, and reptiles.
This bird is generally monogamous and forms long-lasting pairs. They breed between December and March, primarily in tree cavities. The female undergoes a long period of confinement during the breeding process, only leaving the nest to feed. The male feeds the female and offspring by regurgitating food for them.
The Rufous-necked Hornbill is known to be an important seed disperser in the forests where it resides. Its diet includes various fruits, which it consumes and disperses across the forest floor, contributing to forest regeneration. The breeding of this species in captivity is highly valued due to their noticeable impact on forest ecosystems.
Like many other hornbill species, the Rufous-necked Hornbill is facing severe threats to its survival. Habitat destruction, hunting, and poaching for its prized feathers, and beak have pushed the species towards endangerment. Additionally, the decline in adequate nesting sites has contributed to the decreasing numbers of the Rufous-necked Hornbill.
Efforts are being made to protect and conserve this species, including captive breeding programs and conservation awareness initiatives. However, much more needs to be done to ensure that the Rufous-necked Hornbill and its habitat remain conserved, protected, and sustainable for future generations.