The Pale-bellied Myna bird, also known as the Vietnamese Myna, is a member of the starling family. They are found primarily in Southeast Asia, particularly in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. They are small birds, measuring about 23cm in length with a wingspan of 30cm, and weigh approximately 70-80g.
The Pale-bellied Myna is easily recognizable due to its distinctive appearance. Their plumage is black in color, with a white belly and undertail coverts. The bill and legs are yellow, and they have a blue iris. They are also known for their raucous vocalizations and can be heard making a variety of calls such as whistles, clangs, and chuckling sounds.
Pale-bellied Mynas are highly adaptable birds and can be found in a variety of environments including forests, grasslands, riverbanks, and even urban areas. They are omnivorous, feeding on a wide range of insects, fruits, seeds, and small vertebrates. They also scavenge for food in urban areas and have been seen feeding on garbage and scraps.
Breeding occurs from April to June, and they typically lay three to five eggs in a nest made of grass, leaves, and twigs. The female incubates the eggs for approximately two weeks, and both parents care for the chicks after hatching. The young leave the nest after about three weeks and become independent after another six weeks.
Despite their adaptability, the Pale-bellied Myna is under threat from habitat destruction and capture for the pet trade. They are also considered pests in some areas due to their scavenging behavior and are often culled or poisoned.
Efforts are being made to protect this species, and they have been included on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species. Conservation efforts include creating protected areas, educating people about the importance of protecting wildlife, and reducing the trade in wild birds.
In summary, the Pale-bellied Myna is a fascinating and distinctive bird found in Southeast Asia. They are highly adaptable and have a wide range of vocalizations. However, they are under threat from habitat loss and capture for the pet trade. Conservation efforts are essential to ensure the survival of this species.