The Moorea Reed Warbler is a small passerine bird that is endemic to the island of Moorea in the Society Islands of French Polynesia. It was first described in the late 19th century but was thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in the 1970s. The bird is also known as the Tahiti Reed Warbler or the French Polynesian Reed Warbler.
The Moorea Reed Warbler measures around 12 centimeters in length and weighs between 8 and 12 grams. It has a slender body with brownish-green plumage. The male bird has a blackish-brown cap, while the female's cap is brown. Its bill is slender and pointed, and its legs and feet are pinkish-gray. The bird's song is a series of clear whistles followed by trills.
The Moorea Reed Warbler is a critically endangered species due to habitat loss, and invasive predators such as rats, cats, and mongoose. The bird's natural habitat is swamps, wetlands, and reed beds, which have been destroyed or decreased due to urbanization and agriculture.
Conservation efforts have been made to protect the Moorea Reed Warbler, including the creation of protected areas and the establishment of nest boxes to protect breeding sites. An important initiative is to eradicate invasive predators from the bird's habitat. Project Mana, a collaboration between local and international organizations, aims to protect and rehabilitate the species through conservation, research, and community engagement.
The Moorea Reed Warbler is an important symbol of the biodiversity of French Polynesia and a reminder of the importance of conservation efforts. Despite being a small bird, its survival is crucial for the overall health and integrity of the island's ecosystem. With continued efforts, it is hoped that the Moorea Reed Warbler can be saved from extinction and continue to thrive on the island of Moorea.