Mountain Swiftlet (Aerodramus hirundinaceus)

The Mountain Swiftlet (Aerodramus hirundinaceus) is a small, insectivorous bird found in the mountains of Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. This swiftlet is a member of the family Apodidae, which includes birds commonly known as swifts and is notable for its unique behavior of nesting in caves and crevices.

The Mountain Swiftlet is a brownish-grey bird that measures approximately 10 cm in length. Its wings are long and slender, allowing it to dart and weave through the air with incredible speed. These birds are known for their distinctive forked tails and loud, chattering calls.

The Mountain Swiftlet breeds in colonies, with groups of individuals gathering together to build their nests in caves and other dark crevices. These nests are made up of a sticky substance produced by the birds themselves, which hardens into a cup-shaped structure that the birds use for breeding. The nests are highly prized for their supposed medicinal properties, leading to illegal harvesting and trade.

Mountain Swiftlets feed on insects, flying through the air to catch prey. These birds are highly acrobatic, able to make sharp turns and sudden dives in pursuit of their food. They are also known to feed on small spiders and other arthropods found in their mountain habitats.

The Mountain Swiftlet faces several threats to its survival, including habitat loss and degradation due to deforestation and mining. Additionally, illegal harvesting of their nests poses a significant threat to the species, leading to population declines in some areas.

Efforts to conserve the Mountain Swiftlet and its habitat are ongoing, with many organizations working to protect the birds from illegal harvesting and to conserve their mountain habitats. Despite these challenges, the Mountain Swiftlet remains an important part of the biodiversity of Southeast Asia, and its unique nesting behavior and acrobatic flight make it a fascinating bird to observe and study.

Other names

Aerodramus hirundinaceus



Mountain Swiftlet

salangana de muntanya



planinska čiopica

salangana horská




Salangane de montagne


Salangana montana


kalninis erodramas


salangana jaskółcza


Ласточковая салангана

Planinska čiopica

salangána lastovičia

Salangana montana


Dağ Yelyutanı

салангана гірська


hegyi szalangána

Walet gunung