North Island Brown Kiwi (Apteryx mantelli)

The North Island Brown Kiwi is one of the five species of kiwi birds in New Zealand and is a national symbol of the country. It is a flightless bird that is endemic to the North Island of New Zealand and is classified as “vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The North Island Brown Kiwis are shy birds that are most active at night when they hunt for food. These birds prefer to live in forests and shrublands and are rarely found in open grasslands or urban areas. The bird's habitat is under threat due to deforestation, invasive species and predation by feral animals.

The brown kiwi bird is a small feathered creature, about the size of a chicken, but with a long bill that they use to forage for their food. These birds have a unique adaptation called “nostrils at the end of the bill," which helps them to sense prey that is buried deep beneath the soil. North Island Brown Kiwis are omnivorous, feeding on insects, worms, fruits, and berries.

The breeding of North Island Brown Kiwis is not common in captivity, as it is thought to be a mystery and a complex process. Males can become quite aggressive during the breeding season. They fight other males for mating rights and may attack female birds if they feel it is necessary.

The North Island Brown Kiwi is a threatened species, and much effort is being put into protecting them and their habitats. There are a variety of conservation programs that aim to reduce the harm from feral animals, like stoats and possums, which prey on their eggs and young. Additionally, in some areas of the country, departments track and monitor the population's health, hatch, and release young birds back into the wild.

Overall, the North Island Brown Kiwi is a unique and fascinating bird that is of great importance to New Zealand's native ecosystem. It is a vital reminder of the importance of protecting and preserving biodiversity for future generations.

Other names

Apteryx mantelli



North Island Brown Kiwi

kiwi bru de l'illa Nord



smeđi kivi

kivi hnědý

Nordlig Kiwi

Noordelijke Bruine Kiwi


Kiwi de Mantell


Kiwi bruno settentrionale


šiaurinis kivis


kiwi północny


Северный киви

Severni pegavi kivi

kivi hnedý

Kiwi norteño


Kuzey Adası Boz Kivisi

ківі північний


északi-szigeti barna kivi