Donaldson Smith's Nightjar (Caprimulgus donaldsoni)

The Donaldson Smith's Nightjar is a fascinating bird species that is native to the Horn of Africa, particularly in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. It was named after the Scottish explorer Donaldson Smith, who discovered it during his explorations of Africa in the late 1800s.

This bird species is relatively small, measuring around 21-23 cm in length and weighing approximately 60 grams. It has a distinctive appearance, with mottled brown and gray feathers that are marked with white spots. The Donaldson Smith's Nightjar also has an unusual, flat-shaped head, which it uses to catch insects in flight, its primary food source.

The Donaldson Smith's Nightjar is a nocturnal bird that is typically active at night and spends most of the day resting on the ground or perched on a tree branch. During the breeding season, the male bird performs an elaborate courtship display, which involves hovering in a vertical position and calling out loudly to attract a mate.

Despite being considered a relatively common species, the Donaldson Smith's Nightjar is threatened by habitat loss and degradation, which has led to declines in its population. The species is also threatened by overgrazing and the use of pesticides, which affect the availability of insects, its primary food source.

Efforts are being made to conserve this bird species, and measures such as setting aside protected areas and promoting sustainable land use practices have been implemented. The Donaldson Smith's Nightjar is a unique and important part of the Horn of Africa's ecosystem, and its conservation is critical for maintaining the biodiversity of the region.

Other names

Caprimulgus donaldsoni



Donaldson Smith's Nightjar

enganyapastors de les espines



riđokrili leganj

lelek Donaldsonův

Østafrikansk Natravn



Engoulevent des épines


Succiacapre di Donaldson Smith


Donaldsono lėlys


lelek samotny


Дональдсонов козодой

Donaldsonov leganj

lelek tŕniar

Chotacabras espinero


Diken Çobanaldatanı

дрімлюга сомалійський

galla öösorr