The Trumpeter Swan, also known by its scientific name Cygnus buccinator, is the largest bird in North America and one of the heaviest flying birds in the world. Adults can weigh up to 30 pounds and have a wingspan of up to seven feet. These majestic birds are easily identifiable by their pure white feathers, long necks, black bills, and distinctive trumpeting calls.
The Trumpeter Swan was once widespread throughout North America, migrating to breed in the wetlands and prairies of Alaska and Canada during the summer and wintering in the southern United States and Mexico. However, widespread hunting and habitat loss led to a sharp decline in their populations, and by the 1930s, they were nearly extinct. Fortunately, a successful conservation effort in the 20th century helped to bring them back from the brink, and now there are over 63,000 Trumpeter Swans in North America.
Trumpeter Swans are social birds and mate for life, sometimes staying together for more than 20 years. They form small family groups during breeding season and feed together in flocks during the winter. They are primarily herbivores, feeding on aquatic plants, grains, and grasses.
The Trumpeter Swan is an important symbol of conservation success, and their return to healthy populations is a testament to the power of dedicated conservation efforts. Many organizations, including the North American Trumpeter Swan Society, have worked hard to protect and restore Trumpeter Swan populations through habitat restoration, reintroduction programs, and public education. With continued conservation efforts, we can help ensure that these beautiful birds continue to thrive in North America for generations to come.