Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)

The Black Francolin bird is a medium-sized bird, scientifically known as Francolinus francolinus. It is also commonly referred to as the Indian Francolin or the Kaala Teetar, and is a member of the family Phasianidae. This bird is native to India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bhutan, and is widely distributed throughout these regions.

Black Francolins are known for their striking appearance. These birds have a black or dark brown plumage, and their feathers are edged in shades of buff and chestnut. They have a distinctive white patch on their cheeks, and their beak and legs are also black. The males have a distinctive red or white patch on their throats, which they display during courtship.

These birds are found in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, agricultural fields, and scrublands. They are also known to inhabit semi-arid regions and deserts. Black Francolins are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of food items, including seeds, insects, berries, and small invertebrates. They typically forage on the ground, using their strong legs and sharp claws to search for food.

Black Francolins are known for their loud and distinctive calls, which they use to communicate with other birds. They are also known for their aggressive behavior, particularly during the breeding season. The males are territorial and will aggressively defend their territory from other males. During courtship, the males will display their plumage and call out to potential mates. Once paired, the male and female will remain monogamous throughout the breeding season.

Overall, the Black Francolin is a fascinating bird that is not only beautiful to look at but also has a unique behavioral repertoire. Despite being prized as game birds in some regions, they are a common sight in many parts of South Asia and continue to thrive in their natural habitats.

Other names

Francolinus francolinus



Black Francolin

francolí pitnegre



crna jarebica

frankolín obecný

Sort Frankolin

Zwarte Frankolijn


Francolin noir




juodasis frankolinas


frankolin obrożny



Crni frankolin

frankolín tmavý

Francolín ventrinegro

svart frankolin


турач туркменський

mustfrankoliin e. must-frankoliinkana

örvös frankolin


melnais frankolins