Spot-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis maculicaudus)

Spot-tailed Nightjar, also known as the Caprimulgus cellarius, is a bird species belonging to the family Caprimulgidae. The bird is found in a range of habitats across Africa, including savannahs, shrublands, and woodland areas. The Spot-tailed Nightjar is a nocturnal bird and is active at night. The bird is known for its unique and distinct features, which makes it easily recognizable.

The Spot-tailed Nightjar is a medium-sized bird and measures around 25 to 28 centimeters in length. The bird has a relatively large head and a short bill. The bird's plumage is mostly grey-brown with black spots on the wings and a distinctive white spot on the tail, which gives the bird its name. The bird also has large, black eyes, which it uses to capture its prey at night.

The Spot-tailed Nightjar is a master of camouflage, and its plumage helps it blend in perfectly with its surroundings, making it difficult to spot during the day. The bird feeds on insects, including moths, beetles, and termites. It catches its prey by flying low over the ground and using its wide bill to scoop up the insects.

During the breeding season, the male Spot-tailed Nightjar performs an elaborate courtship display to attract a mate. The bird flies up into the air, then dives down, producing a distinctive call as it does so. The female lays a single egg, which is incubated for around 20 to 22 days before hatching.

The Spot-tailed Nightjar is a relatively common bird species and is not currently considered to be at risk of extinction. However, the loss of habitat due to deforestation, land-use change, and agricultural development may pose a potential threat to the bird's future survival.

In conclusion, the Spot-tailed Nightjar is an interesting and unique bird species that is characterized by its distinct features, impressive camouflage, and nocturnal hunting behavior. Due to its widespread distribution, the Spot-tailed Nightjar remains a symbol of the beauty and diversity of Africa's wildlife.

Other names

Hydropsalis maculicaudus



Spot-tailed Nightjar

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