The Long-trained Nightjar (Macrotis longipennis) is a unique bird found in the tropical regions of South America. This bird belongs to the family Caprimulgidae, commonly known as nightjars, which are nocturnal and crepuscular birds that are typically active at night.
The Long-trained Nightjar is known for its long, pointed wings and a long tail. Its plumage is greyish-brown and mottled, which provides it with excellent camouflage. It has large eyes that enable it to see in low light conditions, which is essential for its nocturnal lifestyle.
One of the most striking features of the Long-trained Nightjar is its long tail feathers, which can be up to 14 inches long. These feathers stream behind it during flight and are thought to assist with maneuverability in the air. The male's tail feathers are slightly longer than those of the female and are used in courtship displays.
This bird feeds on a variety of insects, which it catches on the wing. Its wide gape and large mouth help it to capture prey in mid-air. Additionally, it has short bristles around its mouth that help it to trap insects.
The Long-trained Nightjar is a solitary bird, except during the breeding season. It nests on the ground, and the female lays one or two eggs. The eggs are incubated by both parents for around 20 days, and the chicks fledge after about three weeks.
Unfortunately, the Long-trained Nightjar is threatened by habitat loss, as its natural habitat is being destroyed due to deforestation in many parts of South America. Although exact numbers are unknown, they are considered to be in decline. Conservation efforts, such as the preservation of protected areas, are essential to ensure the survival of this unique and fascinating bird.