Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca)

The Velvet Scoter bird, also known as the Velvet Duck, is a beautiful sea duck found in Northern Europe and Asia. This bird belongs to the Anatidae family and is the largest of the three species of scoters found in Europe. It is an oceanic bird that spends most of its life in the water and has adapted to an aquatic lifestyle.

The Velvet Scoter is a striking bird, with a dark black plumage that appears velvety, hence its name. The male has a large white patch on its head that contrasts with the dark black body, while the female is less flamboyant with a brownish-black plumage. The bill of this bird is large and triangular with a curved tip, making it an effective tool for catching its prey underwater.

These birds are known for their diving skills and can stay underwater for up to a minute, which allows them to feed on a variety of marine invertebrates like mollusks, crustaceans, and small fish. They are also known to feed on seagrass and algae. The Velvet Scoter's habitat is the sea, and they can be found in open water, coastal bays, and inlets, where they form dense flocks during the winter months.

The breeding season for the Velvet Scoter starts in May, and the birds form monogamous pairs for the year. The females lay between six to ten eggs, which they incubate for about a month. The young birds are born with a brownish-black downy plumage and are immediately able to swim and dive.

The Velvet Scoter bird population is stable, with numbers estimated to be around 300,000 individuals worldwide, and the species is not currently considered endangered. However, they face threats from climate change, pollution, and oil spills, which affect their habitat and prey availability.

In conclusion, the Velvet Scoter is a magnificent bird with unique characteristics and a fascinating lifestyle. As a seabird, its habitat is the ocean, and it has adapted to its environment in many ways. The conservation of these birds remains critical, and efforts must be made to protect their habitat to ensure their continued survival for generations to come.

Other names

Melanitta fusca



Velvet Scoter

ànec fosc



patka kulašica

turpan hnědý


Grote Zee-eend


Macreuse brune


Orco marino


paprastoji nuodėgulė


uhla (zwyczajna)



Baršunasti turpan

turpan tmavý

Negrón especulado


Kadife Ördek

турпан білокрилий


füstös réce


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