Plain-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne vielliardi)

The Plain-tailed Nighthawk, also called the Lesser Nighthawk, is a bird species belonging to the Caprimulgidae family. Found in Central and South America, this bird inhabits a variety of habitats, including grasslands, savannahs, forests, and urban areas.

A small bird, the Plain-tailed Nighthawk measures about 19-23cm in length and weighs up to 66 grams. It has a distinctive dark plumage with a pale brown patch on the back of its wings. The birds also have long, tapered wings, a short, rounded tail, and a large head with a wide, gaping mouth.

These nocturnal birds are active mainly at night, feeding on flying insects such as beetles, moths, and termites. They hunt by flying low over the ground or water, using their keen eyesight to spot prey. During the day, they roost on the ground, blending in with their surroundings thanks to their feather patterns.

The Plain-tailed Nighthawk is a solitary bird and is often spotted alone, except during mating season. The birds mate in monogamous pairs, and the females lay their eggs on the ground, usually beneath a shrub or a tree. The incubation period for the eggs is about 18-19 days, after which the chicks are born. Both the male and female birds are involved in raising the young.

Despite being listed as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List, the Plain-tailed Nighthawk faces a range of threats, including habitat loss due to deforestation and land development. The birds are also hunted and trapped for food and sport.

Overall, the Plain-tailed Nighthawk is a fascinating bird species that plays an important role in its ecosystem. While it faces challenges, conservation efforts continue to be undertaken to protect this unique bird.

Other names

Nyctiprogne vielliardi



Plain-tailed Nighthawk

enganyapastors de Bahia



bahijski leganj

lelek Vielliardův




Engoulevent du Bahia


Succiacapre del Bahia


brazilinis sutemų lėlys


lelkowiec kasztanowaty


Ровнохвостый козодой

Baijski leganj

lelek gaštanový

Añapero de Bahía


Düz Kuyruklu Gecedoğanı

анаперо багійський