Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus)

The Horned Guan is a striking bird that belongs to the Cracidae family. It is a large bird species and derives its name from the distinctive red horn-like casques on the forehead of the male bird. The casques are made of keratin, the same material that makes up hair and nails in humans.

The Horned Guan is an endangered bird that is endemic to the highlands of southern Mexico and western Guatemala. They are mostly found in the cloud forests in mountainous areas at elevations of 2,000 to 3,400 meters. They are also known to inhabit mature forests that have dense canopies, steep terrain, and abundant fruit-bearing trees for food.

As a diurnal species, the Horned Guan feeds early in the morning and late in the afternoon. They are mainly frugivores, and their diet consists of fruits, flowers, and leaves. Although they are known to be terrestrial birds, they are also capable of flying short distances and gliding while traveling between trees. They have a unique digestive system that enables them to digest fruits with large seeds that are not edible by other bird species.

One of the most significant threats to the Horned Guan population is habitat loss. The destruction of their natural habitats, mainly due to logging and farming practices, has led to a significant decline in their population. In addition, hunting and poaching of the bird for its prized feathers and meat also pose a significant threat to its survival.

Conservation efforts for the Horned Guan include captive breeding programs and initiatives to protect their natural habitats. These birds are considered an indicator species that reflects the health of their mountainous habitats. As such, their protection is essential not only for their survival but also for the conservation of the entire forest ecosystem.

The Horned Guan remains one of the most striking bird species in the world, with its red horn-like casques making it one of the most recognizable. With concerted conservation efforts, their populations can be sustained, and these unique creatures can continue to grace the mountain forests of southern Mexico and Western Guatemala.

Other names

Oreophasis derbianus



Horned Guan

guan banyut



rogati guan

guan jednorohý




Oréophase cornu


Guan cornuto


raguotasis guanas




Горный кракс

Rogati guan

roháň horský

Pavón cornudo


Boynuzlu Guan

пенелопа рогата


pirosszarvú guán