Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)

The Indian Peafowl bird, also known as the peacock, is one of the most magnificent and iconic birds in the world. It belongs to the pheasant family, Phasianidae, and is native to the Indian subcontinent.

The male Indian Peafowl is known for its iridescent blue and green plumage, along with a vibrant and extravagant courtship display. The male's long tail feathers, known as the train, are a sight to behold, as they shimmer with hues of blue, green, and gold. The tail feathers are adorned with colorful eye-spots, which are used by the males during their elaborate courtship rituals to display their dominance and attract potential mates.

In contrast, the female Indian Peafowl, also known as peahens, are much less flamboyant, with brown feathers and a subdued appearance. They lack the train and the colorful eye-spots that the males possess.

Indian Peafowls are omnivorous and feed on a variety of foods, including insects, grains, seeds, and fruits. They prefer to live in lush forests, grasslands, and cultivated areas with water sources nearby.

Despite their grand appearance and popularity, the Indian Peafowl faces various challenges in the wild. One of the significant threats is habitat destruction due to deforestation, human encroachment, and agricultural activity. Additionally, they are hunted for their meat, feathers, and other body parts, which are used in traditional medicines and for decoration.

Indian Peafowl is a significant cultural symbol in India, where they are revered and celebrated. In Hindu mythology, the peacock is believed to be the mount of the god Kartikeya and is also associated with Goddess Saraswati. They are also a popular subject in Indian art and literature.

In conclusion, the Indian Peafowl is an exquisite bird that adds color and splendor to the natural world. While they face significant challenges in the wild, it is essential to protect their habitats and raise awareness about their conservation to ensure that they remain a beloved part of our natural heritage.

Other names

Pavo cristatus



Indian Peafowl

paó comu




páv korunkatý


Blauwe Pauw


Paon bleu


Pavone indiano


paprastasis povas


paw indyjski


Индийский павлин


páv korunkatý

Pavo real común



павич чубатий



indiai páva