The Malayan Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense) is a species of bird that is endemic to the primary and secondary forests of the Malay Peninsula, including the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. It belongs to the family of Phasianidae, which are commonly known as pheasants.
The Malayan Peacock-Pheasant is a small-sized bird, measuring about 50 cm in length and weighing around 600-800 grams. The male and female birds exhibit sexual dimorphism. The male bird has metallic green-blue feathers on the breast, with a black belly and white speckling. The feathers on the neck and head are of metallic purple-blue, and a crest of black feathers can be seen on top of its head. On either side of the neck, there are two large, striking, and iridescent ocelli. The ocelli are colored with turquoise-blue rims, and the centers are black bordered with gold. The feathers on the female bird are less colorful than the male, exhibiting a brown plumage with faint black markings.
The Malayan Peacock-Pheasant's preferred habitat is a dense forest with thick undergrowth and tangled vegetation. They spend the majority of their time on the ground, foraging for insects, seeds, and fruits. They are not very active during the daytime, preferring to stay still and watch their surroundings. The birds are quiet and solitary, mostly hiding during the daytime. When spotted by predators, they would try to escape by running away but would take to the trees if the need arises. During breeding season, the male courtship display involves fanning out its feathers, raising its crest, and shaking its wings while making a series of calls and drumming sounds.
Due to deforestation, habitat loss, and hunting, the Malayan Peacock-Pheasant has become a rare and endangered species. Conservation efforts are underway to maintain their populations. The protection of the bird's natural habitat, with its dense forests and undergrowth, is crucial for its survival. The Malayan Peacock-Pheasant is a beautiful and majestic bird that deserves all the protection it can get.