Ahanta Spurfowl (Pternistis ahantensis)

The Ahanta Spurfowl bird, scientifically known as Pternistis ahantensis, is a small game bird species that is endemic to the rainforests of western Africa. This bird is part of the Phasianidae family, which includes pheasants, quails, partridges, and grouses.

The Ahanta Spurfowl has a unique plumage that distinguishes it from other birds. It measures between 28-30 centimeters in length and weighs between 320-430 grams. Its body is predominantly dark grey, with beautiful bronze feathers covering its wings, back, and tail. The bird has a red eye ring that contrasts with its white throat and a black stripe that runs from the base of the bill to its grayish-brown crown. The male bird has a spur on each leg, which is used during mating rituals and for self-defense.

This species of bird is a ground-dwelling bird and forages mainly on the forest floor, searching for seeds, insects, and fruit. They live in a monogamous pair and are highly territorial, frequently communicating with each other by making loud, cawing calls. During the breeding seasons, the males can be observed engaging in an elaborate courtship display, including puffing their feathers, spreading their tails, and making loud calls. They use their spurs in confrontations with other males during these times.

The Ahanta Spurfowl is predominantly found in the lowland areas of the tropical rainforests of western Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Liberia. However, hunting and deforestation have led to the decline of its population, and the bird is now listed as "Vulnerable" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The bird's habitat loss has been attributed to commercial logging, human settlements, and farming activities.

Efforts to conserve the Ahanta Spurfowl have been put in place. These include the creation of protected areas, law enforcement to limit hunting activities and public sensitization programs aimed at creating awareness of the importance of protecting the species and its habitat. Reforestation and alternative livelihood programs have also been introduced to mitigate the reliance of the local people on the forest for survival.

In conclusion, the Ahanta Spurfowl is a unique and beautiful bird that is vital to the ecosystem of the Western African tropical rainforest. It plays a crucial role in seed dispersal and helps control the population of insects in the area. Its beauty and importance make it essential to protect its habitat, and the concerted effort to conserve this species is commendable. It can only be hoped that these efforts will help stabilize the population of this beautiful bird and prevent it from going extinct.

Other names

Pternistis ahantensis



Ahanta Spurfowl

francolí d'Ahanta



smeđa jarebica

frankolín západoafrický

Vestlig Skælfrankolin



Francolin d’Ahanta


Francolino dell'Ashanti


gambinis frankolinas


szponiastonóg brązowouchy


Гамбийский турач

Ganski frankolin

frankolínec hnedý

Francolín de Ahanta


Ahanta Turacı

турач гамбійський

ginea frankoliin (ginea frankoliinkana)