The Chestnut-naped Spurfowl bird, also known as Pternistis castaneicollis, is a medium-sized bird that inhabits the subtropical or tropical dry forests of Africa, from Kenya and Tanzania to Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Their preferred habitat includes savannas and open woodland areas with dry bushes and thick grasses.
These birds have a length of about 30cm and a weight of around 450g. The Chestnut-naped Spurfowl bird has a distinct black crest on its head, and a white stripe or bar across its cheeks. They have a beautiful plumage with golden-brown feathers covering their body and wings.
These birds are known for their rich and distinctive calls, which can be heard throughout the day. Their call is usually a combination of whistles, cackles, and crows, and is often referred to as "spur-pumping", as during the call, they will often erect their leg spurs and bob their head.
The Chestnut-naped Spurfowl bird is a ground-dwelling bird and is often seen foraging for food on the ground. Their diet includes seeds, fruits, insects, and other small invertebrates. They are known to scratch the ground with their strong legs to uncover food.
This bird is monogamous and is usually seen in pairs or small family groups. The breeding season occurs from September to March when they build their nests on the ground, often concealed by vegetation. The female typically lays 4-8 eggs, which are incubated for around 21 days.
The Chestnut-naped Spurfowl bird is primarily threatened by habitat loss and hunting. The clearing of forests and savannas for agricultural purposes and the hunting of these birds for their meat or feathers have contributed to a decline in their population. However, some populations of this bird are protected in national parks and reserves.
In conclusion, the Chestnut-naped Spurfowl bird is a beautiful and fascinating bird that plays an important role in the ecosystem of Africa's dry forests. With their distinctive calls, unique plumage, and ground-dwelling habits, they are a significant part of Africa's avian biodiversity.