Yellow-necked Spurfowl (Pternistis leucoscepus)

The Yellow-necked Spurfowl, also known as the Yellow-necked Francolin, is a game bird that is commonly found in the eastern and southern regions of Africa. It is a medium-sized bird, with a distinctive yellow neck, grey-brown plumage and pale legs. The bird is a member of the Phasianidae family and is closely related to the pheasant and partridge.

The Yellow-necked Spurfowl is primarily a ground-dwelling bird, which is found in open savannas, grasslands and woodland areas. It is commonly found in pairs or small groups, but larger groups of up to 20 birds have also been observed. The bird feeds mainly on seeds, insects and small fruits. It is known for its foraging behavior, as it scratches the ground with its feet to find food.

During the breeding season, which occurs from September to December, male Yellow-necked Spurfowls can be seen strutting and displaying their feathers to attract females. Once a pair has formed, they build a simple nest on the ground, which is made up of dry grass and leaves. The female will lay a clutch of 3-5 eggs, and both parents share the responsibility of incubating them for about 20 days.

Yellow-necked Spurfowls are hunted for sport in some parts of their range, but their population is still considered to be stable. However, habitat loss and degradation due to human activities have impacted their numbers in some areas.

In addition to their hunting value, Yellow-necked Spurfowls play an important ecological role in their environment. As seed dispersers, they help to maintain the diversity of plant species in their habitat. They are also an important food source for predators such as eagles and large mammals like lions and hyenas.

Overall, the Yellow-necked Spurfowl is a fascinating bird, which is valued for its hunting and ecological importance. Despite the threats facing their habitat, these birds continue to thrive in many areas of their range, bringing joy to birdwatchers and bird enthusiasts around the world.

Other names

Pternistis leucoscepus



Yellow-necked Spurfowl

francolí golagroc



žutogrla jarebica

frankolín žlutohrdlý

Gulstrubet Sporehøne



Francolin à cou jaune


Francolino collogiallo


geltonkaklis frankolinas


szponiastonóg żółtogardły


Желтогорлый турач

Žutovrati frankolin

frankolínec žltohrdlý

Francolín gorjiamarillo

gulstrupig sporrhöna

Sarı Boğazlı Turaç

турач жовтогорлий

kuldkurk-frankoliin (kuldkurk-frankoliinkana)

sárganyakú frankolin