Swainson's Spurfowl (Pternistis swainsonii)

The Swainson’s spurfowl is a species of bird that belongs to the Phasianidae family. The bird is named after William Swainson, an English naturalist who was known for his contributions to ornithology.

The Swainson's spurfowl is found in various parts of Africa, including Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, and Mozambique. It is a medium-sized bird, with adults measuring between 45-60 cm in length and weighing between 0.5-1 kg.

The bird has a distinctive appearance, with its bright red legs and bill, brown plumage, and grey head and neck. The male and female birds have similar plumage, although the male is slightly larger than the female.

Swainson's spurfowl prefer to live in dense bushlands, woodlands, and savannah grasslands. They are ground-dwelling birds and are often seen foraging for food on the ground, including seeds, insects, and small reptiles.

The breeding season for Swainson's spurfowl usually starts in the rainy season, from March to April. They build simple nests on the ground, and the females lay a clutch of between 4-8 eggs. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs, which usually hatch after about 21 days.

Swainson's spurfowl are popular game birds in African countries and are often hunted for their meat. However, their populations are not currently threatened, and they are considered to be of "least concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Overall, the Swainson's spurfowl is a fascinating bird that is well adapted to life in African grasslands and woodlands. Its distinctive appearance and cheerful calls make it a popular sight for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Other names

Pternistis swainsonii



Swainson's Spurfowl

francolí de Swainson



crvenolica jarebica

frankolín žíhaný

Gråbrun Sporehøne

Swainsons Frankolijn


Francolin de Swainson


Francolino di Swainson


Sveinsono frankolinas


szponiastonóg brunatny


Свенсонов турач

Smeđi crvenoliki frankolin

frankolínec Swainsonov

Francolín de Swainson

svartbent sporrhöna

Dere Turacı

турач чорноногий


lammifrankoliin (lammi-frankoliinkana)