Swierstra's Spurfowl (Pternistis swierstrai)

Swierstra's Spurfowl, also known as Swierstra's Francolin, is a fascinating bird that belongs to the Phasianidae family, which also includes pheasants, quail, and partridges. It is endemic to the forests of Ethiopia, particularly in the highland regions.

This bird is relatively small, measuring between 30 – 36 cm in length, with a wingspan of around 43 cm. The males are distinguished from the females by their wider and longer spurs on their legs. The male Swierstra's Spurfowl has a glossy dark brown color on their head and neck, and the rest of their body is a chestnut brown with black spots. On the other hand, the female has a reddish-brown plumage with scalloped black markings.

Swierstra's Spurfowl is a non-migratory bird and is highly adaptable to different climatic conditions, making it resilient to habitat changes. They are found in thickets, dense forests, and bushy areas, and sometimes even in forests found in coffee plantations.

These birds are monogamous and mate for life. They build their nests on the ground, a hollow scoop of leaves, grass, and twigs, usually within dense vegetation. The female lays between 4-7 eggs and incubates them for about 21 days. Both parents take part in parenting the chicks, feeding them with insects and fruits found in the undergrowth.

Swierstra's Spurfowl is not classified as a globally threatened bird species, but their population is slowly declining due to habitat loss and degradation from deforestation, human settlement, and commercial agriculture. Also, hunting and trapping of this exotic bird pose a significant threat to their survival.

In conclusion, Swierstra's Spurfowl is a magnificent bird that plays a vital part in the ecosystem. Their unique characteristics and behavior make them a thrilling sight to behold. It is crucial that measures are taken to conserve their habitat to ensure the survival of these beautiful birds for generations to come.

Other names

Pternistis swierstrai



Swierstra's Spurfowl

francolí de Swierstra



crnoprsa jarebica

frankolín angolský


Swierstra's Frankolijn


Francolin de Swierstra


Francolino di Swierstra


angolinis frankolinas


szponiastonóg angolski


Ангольский турач

Crno-beli frankolin

frankolínec obojkový

Francolín de Swierstra


Alaca Turaç

турач ангольський

kaelusfrankoliin (kaelus-frankoliinkana)