Elgon Francolin (Scleroptila elgonensis)

The Elgon Francolin, also known as the Forest Francolin, is a small bird indigenous to the highlands of East Africa, specifically found in the forests and grasslands on Mt. Elgon and the surrounding areas of Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.

The Elgon Francolin is a beautifully patterned bird, with intricate black, brown, and white feathering, and a bright orange beak and legs. They are ground dwelling birds and can often be found hiding in the denser areas of the forest or grassland. They are also territorial birds and will fiercely defend their areas against others.

These birds are predominantly herbivores, feeding on a variety of fruits, seeds, and insects that they find on the ground. They are known for their distinctive and melodious calls, often heard at dawn and dusk.

Despite their beauty and unique features, the Elgon Francolin currently faces the threat of habitat loss due to human activities such as deforestation and agricultural expansion. Additionally, they are hunted for their meat and traditional medicinal purposes, which has contributed to a decline in their numbers over the years.

Conservation efforts are being made to protect the Elgon Francolin and their habitats. In Uganda, a community-based conservation strategy has been implemented where local communities are educated about the importance of conserving these birds and their habitats. Protected areas have also been established to preserve their natural habitats.

In conclusion, the Elgon Francolin is an intriguing bird species that plays an important role in its ecosystem. Their beauty and unique features make them stand out, and their distinctive calls can be heard ringing throughout their habitats. It is important for us to take steps to protect these precious birds and their habitats to ensure their survival for generations to come.

Other names

Scleroptila elgonensis



Elgon Francolin


kestenjastotrba jarebica

frankolín elgonský



Francolin de l’Elgon

frankolin rdzawobrzuchy


frankolín ugandský

Francolín del Elgon