Snow Mountain Quail (Synoicus monorthonyx)

The Snow Mountain Quail bird, also known as the Taiwanese Hill Partridge, is a small, plump bird found only in the mountainous areas of Taiwan. This bird's scientific name is Arborophila crudigularis and it belongs to the Phasianidae family.

The Snow Mountain Quail bird is easily distinguishable by its distinctive reddish-brown plumage, white-tipped tail, and orange-red legs and beak. Both males and females have similar characteristics in appearance. This bird species is usually between 18 to 20 centimeters in length, and averages around 208 grams in weight.

The Snow Mountain Quail bird feeds on insects, fruit, and seeds that can be found in the forest understory. This bird species prefers to feed on low vegetation, such as bushes and grasses. The Snow Mountain Quail bird is also mostly active during the day, preferring to forage in the early morning or late afternoon.

The Snow Mountain Quail bird tends to be monogamous during the breeding season and will typically breed from April to June. During this period, the male bird will typically defend its territory by calling out and displaying vivid courtship behavior to attract a female mate. Once the female has chosen a mate, they will partner together to build a shallow nest out of dry grass and leaves on the forest floor. The females can lay up to 5 white, glossy eggs in the nest. The males will often help with the care and incubation of the eggs, which usually lasts around 23 to 24 days.

The biggest threat to Snow Mountain Quail birds is habitat loss due to deforestation. In recent years, there has been a micro-habitat study that has been conducted by researchers to determine the requirements and conservation status of this rare bird species. This bird species is listed as an endangered species on the IUCN Red List due to their declining population.

Overall, the Snow Mountain Quail bird is a fascinating and beautiful bird species of Taiwan's mountainous forests. It has a unique appearance, feeding habits, and breeding behavior that make it all the more special to the region. It is important to take care of and conserve these birds, as they are an integral part of the mountainous ecosystem of Taiwan.

Other names

Synoicus monorthonyx



Snow Mountain Quail

guatlla de muntanya



novogvinejska prepelica

křepelka novoguinejská


Nieuw-Guinese Bergpatrijs


Caille de montagne


Quaglia degli Snow


Naujosios Gvinėjos putpelė


przepiórka nowogwinejska


Новогвинейский горный перепел

Papuanska prepelica

prepelica horská

Codorniz papúa


Büyük Bıldırcın

перепілка новогвінейська


Puyuh jayawijaya