The Brown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) is a small, ground-dwelling bird that is a member of the quail family. It is found in Australia and Papua New Guinea and is a common sight in grasslands, farmland, and scrubland. The bird is also referred to as the Swamp Quail, Stubble Quail, and the Eastern Quail.
The Brown Quail has a distinctive chestnut-brown plumage with a white eye-stripe that stretches from its forehead to its ear and a white throat. Its bill, feet, and legs are black, and it has a small round body with a short, straight tail. The male quail has a more prominent head and chest compared to the female; while the female's plumage is more muted.
The Brown Quail is a shy and elusive bird that prefers to keep to itself near the ground. Its diet primarily consists of seeds and insects found in the habitat it occupies. The quail's habitat is widespread ranging from the eastern coast of Australia, the southern coast of Western Australia and southern parts of Papua New Guinea.
During nesting season, the Brown Quail builds a small scrape on the ground which is used to lay five to ten eggs. The female lays eggs twice a year, mainly in the spring and summer. The eggs are incubated for three weeks and are nourished by seeds and insects.
The Brown Quail is classified as a game bird, and it is hunted during the hunting season in some parts of the world. It is not endangered, although its population is declining due to habitat loss, land clearing, and overhunting.
In conclusion, the Brown Quail is a remarkable bird that is found in the grasslands, farmlands, and scrublands of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Its unique chestnut-brown plumage and white eye-stripe make it a beautiful sight. Despite being a shy and elusive bird, its population is declining due to factors such as habitat loss and overhunting. It is essential to take measures in conserving this bird to ensure it continues to thrive in the wild.